Telecommunication Solutions for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing


Video Relay Service



Video Relay Service (VRS) is a form of Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) that enables persons with hearing disabilities who use American Sign Language (ASL) to communicate with voice telephone users through video equipment, rather than through typed text. Video equipment links the VRS user with a TRS operator – called a “communications assistant” (CA) – so that the VRS user and the CA can see and communicate with each other in signed conversation. Because the conversation between the VRS user and the CA flows much more quickly than with a text-based TRS call, VRS has become an enormously popular form of TRS. For more information about other forms of TRS, see the FCC’s consumer guide Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS).


How VRS Works


VRS, like other forms of TRS, allows persons who are deaf or hard-of-hearing to communicate through the telephone system with hearing persons. The VRS caller, using a television or a computer with a video camera device and a broadband (high speed) Internet connection, contacts a VRS CA, who is a qualified sign language interpreter. They communicate with each other in sign language through a video link. The VRS CA then places a telephone call to the party the VRS user wishes to call. The VRS CA relays the conversation back and forth between the parties -- in sign language with the VRS user, and by voice with the called party. No typing or text is involved. A voice telephone user can also initiate a VRS call by calling a VRS center, usually through a toll-free number.


The VRS CA can be reached through the VRS provider’s Internet site, or through video equipment attached to a television. Currently, around ten providers offer VRS. Like all TRS calls, VRS is free to the caller. VRS providers are compensated for their costs from the Interstate TRS Fund, which the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) oversees.




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The Benefits of VRS


VRS offers several features not available with the text-based forms of TRS:


・ VRS allows those persons whose primary language is ASL to communicate in ASL, instead of having to type what they want to say.

・ Because consumers using VRS communicate in sign language, they are able to more fully express themselves through facial expressions and body language, which

     cannot be expressed in text.

・ A VRS call flows back and forth just like a telephone conversation between two hearing persons. For example, the parties can interrupt each other, which they cannot do

    with a TRS call using a TTY (where the parties have to take turns communicating with the CA).

・ Because the conversation flows more naturally back and forth between the parties, the conversation can take place much more quickly than with text-based TRS. As a

     result, the same conversation is much shorter through VRS than it would be through other forms of text-based TRS.

・ VRS calls may be made between ASL users and hearing persons speaking either English or Spanish.


Speed-of-Answer and 24/7 Requirements for VRS


The FCC has adopted various rules to improve VRS service. Now VRS providers must answer 80 percent of all VRS calls within 120 seconds. VRS providers must also offer the service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.


Filing a Complaint With the FCC


If you have a problem with VRS, first try to resolve it with the provider. If you are unable to resolve it directly, you can file a complaint with the FCC. There is no charge for filing a complaint. You can file your complaint using an online complaint form. You can also file your complaint with the FCC’s Consumer Center by calling 1-888-CALL-FCC (1-888-225-5322) voice or 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835-5322) TTY; faxing 1-866-418-0232; or writing to:


Federal Communications Commission

Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau

Consumer Inquiries and Complaints Division

445 12th Street, SW

Washington, DC 20554


What to Include in Your Complaint


The best way to provide all the information the FCC needs to process your complaint is to thoroughly complete the online complaint form. When you open the online complaint form, you will be asked a series of questions that will take you to the particular section of the form you need to complete. If you do not use the online complaint form, your complaint should indicate the following:


your name, address, email address and phone number where you can be reached;

whether you are filing a complaint on behalf of another party, and if so, the party’s name, address, email address, day time phone number and your relationship to the party;

preferred format or method of response (letter, fax, voice phone call, email, TRS, TTY, ASCII text, audio recording,or Braille);

that your complaint is about VRS;

the name, address and telephone number (if known) of the company or companies involved with your complaint; and

a brief description of your complaint and the resolution you are seeking, and a full description of the equipment or service you are complaining about, including date of purchase, use or attempt to use.


For More Information


For more information about TRS, VRS or IP Relay, or to learn more about FCC programs to promote access to telecommunications services for people with disabilities, visit the FCC’s Disability Rights Office website. For information about other communications issues, visit the FCC’s Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau website, or contact the FCC’s Consumer Center using the information provided for filing a complaint.

External links:

Certified VRS Providers:






Global VRS:







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